Oil and Gas Fields


Oil and natural gas are produced by the same geological process according fossil fuel suggestion: anaerobic decay of organic matter deep under the Earth’s surface. As a consequence, oil and natural gas are often found together. In common usage, deposits rich in oil are known as oil fields, and deposits rich in natural gas are called natural gas fields. In general, organic sediments buried in depths of 1,000 m to 6,000 m (at temperatures of 60 °C to 150 °C) generate oil,  while sediments buried deeper and at higher temperatures generate natural gas. The deeper the source, the “drier” the gas (that is, the smaller the proportion of condensates in the gas). Because both oil and natural gas are lighter than water,  they tend to rise from their sources until they either seep to the surface or are trapped by a non-permeable layer of rock.  They can be extracted from the trap by drilling.The largest natural gas field is South Pars/Asalouyeh gas field, which is shared between Iran and Qatar. The second largest natural gas field is the Urengoy gas field in Russia.  The gas field Haynesville Shale Louisiana-Texas has been projected bigger than South Pars, since this a new well it has not been officially recorded its overall power.